A couple of weeks ago we were privileged to hear a presentation by Michelle Bellatoni, Director of Clinical Gerontology at Hopkins.
What an eye opener!
Her core goals for gerontology are, very simply:
- Right care
- Right time
- Right place
- Lowest cost
- Highest quality
- One Electronic Health Record
She earned our deep appreciation by telling us that she was going to use the same slides she uses with her medical students — which we took as a compliment.
Best of all, was her comment, at one point: “OK, lets roll up our sleeves and read some CT scans.”
More seriously, Peter Fielding, chair of our Health Service Committee, has drafted a five page summary, which is very well worth a full and careful read. Here is summary in pdf. Full text of summary below.
We will soon be posting the video and the slides themselves. All super useful as our strong health care commitment in the strategic planning process comes into clear focus.
Collington Health Services Committee presents a talk entitled:
MODERN GERIATRIC MEDICINE
Speaker: DR. MICHELE BELLANTONI, MD
Associate Professor, Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology,
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
HIGHLIGHTS and SUMMARY BY L. PETER FIELDING, MD
Michele Bellantoni visited Collington on Thursday, September 21, 2017. Marvell Adams (Collington’s Executive Director) toured with her the Creighton Center, the Clinic and our common areas at the Clock Tower before an informal lunch in our dining room. At 2 p.m., the auditorium was filled to capacity, the connection to our local TV channel was working and our resident-run film crew was ready to roll. The sound system was not great but serviceable.
After a few words of introduction, Michele Bellantoni launched into her talk, specifically geared to our seniors’ community but based on the same academic material used to discuss the specialty of Geriatric Medicine with the medical students at Johns Hopkins.
This Health Services talk was longer than usual (75 minutes!) but the audience attention was maintained throughout. The Q and A session lasted 20 minutes, but could have gone on much longer. Afterwards many people came up to chat informally such that our speaker did not leave until 4 p.m. The purpose of this report is to summarize the content of Dr. Bellantoni’s talk and emphasize her “take-home” messages.
The issues of aging include: cognitive health; emotional health; mobility; nutrition; hormones; fragility; cardiovascular health; immunity and end of life issues. Each may contribute to or detrract from life expectancy and quality of life.
- Comparison to Europe
The overall longevity is greater in Europe than in the USA in ALL of the following categories of disease: heart disease; stroke; lung disease; diabetes; hypertension and cancer.
- Comorbid conditions
The increased occurrence of current medical conditions (comorbidity) in the seniors’ population in the USA helps to explain these life expectancy differences.
- Body-mass index (BMI)
The relationship between height and body weight, from which the BMI is calculated, has had a rapid deterioration in recent decades resulting in a great increase in obesity frequency. Thus, a rising BMI is a major cause of the increase of comorbidity in the USA and its consequential decrease in our life expectancy.
>Take home message: Focused attention on diet, nutrition and exercise are key factors to reduce BMI and therefore the prevalence of co-morbid conditions which may then increase an individual’s life expectanc
Life span varied by zip code in the Baltimore area highlighting the relationship between the socioeconomic condition of patients and their longevity. Substantial differences in clinical outcomes were observed for highly treatable conditions indicating that diminished access to healthcare is very important to preserving life span.
>Take home message: Improved access to healthcare must become a major goal with active outreach programs geared towards prevention and preemption strategies. Such programs have demonstrated: a reduced need for hospital care consultation; a reduced frequency of emergency department visits; decreased readmission after hospital discharge; and reduced complication rates when comorbid conditions are treated.
The observed increased frequency of all forms of dementia, in recent decades, has many causes. The following items in bold are associated with increased dementia frequency; possible mitigating strategies are suggested.
- Increased amyloid plaques in the brain is associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Cause unknown; specific treatment none.
- Increased BMI. Caloric restriction favors longevity with 1800 Cals/day being the estimated optimum.
- Increased stress. Stress reduction strategies: restorative sleep; exercise; meditation.
- Diminished immunological function. Maintenance of immunological function with vaccinations for influenza, pneumonia, herpes zoster & tetanus/pertussis.
- Reduced social interaction. High-intensity volunteering activity provides an opportunity to care for others.
- General Principles:
One Electronic Health Record
- These broad goals can be achieved by:
Coordinated system of healthcare, including patient advocates and navigators.
Patient portal for communication
24-hour physician access
Collection of data for measures of clinical quality
Integration with a team approach between primary and secondary care.
- Components of the J.H. program:
Activities of daily living (ADL) support
Chronic disease management
Coordination with acute hospital services
Oral & dental care
Specific post-acute service follow-up
Vision and hearing support,
- Principles of care
Genes only determine 25% of our life span
Remaining 75% requires coordinated care in multiple settings
Major emphasis on clinical outreach
Advanced Directives documentation
- Preventive care:
Diet and nutrition
Oral and dental care
Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis
Screening for cancer
Vision and hearing support
- Pre-emptive care:
Active medical issues prioritization
Coordination of specialist care
Medical access 24/7
- Palliative care:
All of the above, but geared to symptom management to maximize quality of life for the individual’s physical and psychosocial needs and wellbeing.
- Passing (end of life) care. (These items added by LPF)
Role of food and water management
Pa in management and use of sedatives/anxiolytics
Hospice support for patients and family